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Prostate Cyst and Prostate Cancer: Prostate Cancer Surgery

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Summarized by durumis AI

  • Prostate cysts and prostate cancer are different diseases that require different symptoms and treatments.
  • Prostate cancer progresses slowly and may not show symptoms in the early stages.
  • Prostate cancer has various treatment options, and the appropriate treatment should be chosen based on the patient's condition.
Prostate Cyst and Prostate Cancer: Prostate Cancer Surgery

Prostate Cyst and Prostate Cancer: Prostate Cancer Surgery

I will tell you about prostate cysts and prostate cancer, as well as prostate cancer surgery. Prostate cysts and prostate cancer are two common conditions that affect the prostate in men. Both conditions can cause similar symptoms, but they require different treatments. In this post, I will tell you about the differences between the two diseases, their symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment methods.

Symptoms of cysts

Prostate cysts are often discovered without any symptoms, but they can cause the following symptoms.

Urinary bladder decompression symptoms: If the prostate cyst grows, it can press on the bladder, preventing proper urination. In this case, urinary retention, increased urinary frequency, and pain due to bladder decompression may occur.

Cystitis: If urine does not drain properly, it can stay in the bladder for a long time, causing cystitis. In this case, the urine may be darker or smelly, and there may be discomfort or pain while urinating.

Back pain: If the prostate cyst grows significantly, it may come into contact with the spinal nerves, causing back pain.
Abnormal sensation in the penis: If the prostate is decompressed, the sensation in the penis may become dull.

Erectile dysfunction: If the prostate is decompressed, erectile dysfunction or sexual dysfunction may occur.

If you experience these symptoms, you should visit a specialist for examination and diagnosis.

Causes of cysts

The exact cause of prostate cysts is not known, but it is generally believed to be related to genetic changes or hormonal level changes within the prostate tissue. Prostate cysts are a condition where small cysts form within the prostate tissue, and these cysts can develop in the prostate glands.
Cysts are usually thought to develop due to abnormal growth of cells and tissues within the prostate tissue. This abnormal growth may be related to changes in the levels of testosterone and estrogen, sex hormones, or an imbalance in the two hormones.
Prostate cysts can also be related to factors such as age, family history, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. However, research on the causes of prostate cysts is still ongoing, and further research is needed.  

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor that develops in the prostate. It is the second most common cancer in men worldwide and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in men. Prostate cancer usually develops slowly and may not cause symptoms in its early stages.

Symptoms of prostate cancer

In the early stages, prostate cancer may not cause any symptoms, and as it grows, it can cause a variety of symptoms.

Difficulty urinating or weak urine stream.
You urinate frequently, especially at night.
Blood in the urine or semen.
Pain or discomfort in the pelvic area.
Pain during ejaculation.

Causes of prostate cancer

The exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown. However, several factors can increase the risk of developing prostate cancer.

Age: Prostate cancer is more common in men over the age of 50.
Family history: Men with a family history of prostate cancer have an increased risk of the disease.
Race: Prostate cancer is more common in African American men.
Diet: A diet high in red meat and fat may increase the risk of prostate cancer.

Treatment methods

Treatment options for prostate cancer depend on several factors, including the stage of the cancer, the patient's age and overall health, and personal preferences. Prostate cancer surgery is a procedure to remove the prostate where the tumor is located. There are several surgical methods.

1. Radical prostatectomy

The surgery is performed under general anesthesia, and a professional surgeon performs the surgery. There are various surgical methods, and surgery is usually performed through the abdomen, calf, or lower spine. The recovery period after surgery is generally 2-4 weeks, and the patient must protect the surgical site and rest.

2. (Robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy)

Laparoscopic surgery is one of the elective surgeries to treat prostate cancer. Compared to conventional open surgery, laparoscopic surgery has the advantage of a shorter recovery period and fewer complications after surgery. If you choose surgery to treat prostate cancer, the doctor can choose one of the methods to remove the prostate and examine the lymph nodes around the prostate.
There are two types of surgery to remove the prostate: open surgery and laparoscopic surgery. Open surgery is a traditional surgical method in which surgery is performed by making a large incision in the abdomen. On the other hand, laparoscopic surgery is a method of inserting a small camera and surgical instruments into the abdominal cavity to remove the prostate.
Choosing laparoscopic surgery generally results in less pain after surgery and faster recovery. After surgery, hospitalization for 1-2 days is generally required. And you may need to restrict physical activity for several weeks after surgery. These restrictions may vary depending on the patient's condition and surgical method.

3. Electrosurgery

Prostate cancer electrosurgery is a form of prostate cancer treatment that uses electromagnetic waves to remove cancerous tissue from the prostate. This surgery is typically performed in a robotic-assisted surgery format.
Electrosurgery is a technique that uses electromagnetic waves to cut or coat tissue. Electromagnetic waves are a type of electrical signal, and by generating electromagnetic waves, cancerous tissue in the prostate is cut and removed. This technique is performed using fine electrodes, and only the area with cancerous tissue can be removed, so accurate removal is possible without damaging the surrounding tissue.
Robotic-assisted surgery is a technique that uses a robot to perform surgery. The robot enables fine movements and accurately follows the movements of the surgeon performing the surgery. This allows the surgeon to perform surgery at the precise location, and the recovery period after surgery is also shortened.

4. Cryotherapy with optical fibers

Cryotherapy for prostate cancer is a non-invasive surgical method used to treat prostate cancer. This method involves inserting optical fibers around the prostate and cooling the tumor through a cooling gas to destroy cancer cells. This method is less invasive than surgery because the surgical area is small, so the risk of complications is lower and the recovery period is shorter.
This method is generally applied to elderly patients or patients with advanced disease after prostate cancer is diagnosed through continuous PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) testing, biopsy, and prostate ultrasound. After surgery, antibiotics and painkillers are prescribed, and you can return to your daily life 1-2 weeks after surgery.

5. High-intensity focused ultrasound

High-intensity focused ultrasound for prostate cancer is one of the non-invasive surgical methods, a treatment method that uses ultrasound to destroy prostate cancer tissue. This method can clearly destroy prostate cancer tissue without damaging the healthy tissue around the prostate.
This treatment works by focusing high-intensity ultrasound generated from an ultrasound transducer located around the prostate onto the prostate cancer tissue. During this process, the ultrasound energy is converted into heat inside the tissue, destroying the prostate cancer tissue. This treatment is performed by professional medical staff and requires specialized equipment and monitoring equipment.

In conclusion

Prostate cysts and prostate cancer are two distinct conditions that can affect the prostate in men. Both conditions can cause similar symptoms, but they require different treatments.
If you experience any symptoms related to your prostate, it is important to consult your doctor to determine the cause and appropriate treatment options. It is important to note that regular check-ups and early detection are essential for managing both prostate cysts and prostate cancer.

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